PROBLEMS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
(A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED PRIVATE BUSINESS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS)
This research project is a very crucial study for the Nigerian entrepreneurship. The study was motivated by the necessity to identify the problems of entrepreneurship development in Enugu metropolis. This form of business has been in existence since trade by barer began and has been of items and places, carrying over the broad thread of business from century to century.
To source research problem both primary and secondary data were collected. The research instruments used in collecting the data were questionnaires and oral interview. The respondents comprises of managers and various owners of business (entrepreneurs).
In organizing and presenting data collected, tables, frequencies and percentages were used. The various hypothesis were tested using the chi-square.
Data analysis and interpretation gave the following findings:
1. Most of the respondents require the services of banks and other financial institutions.
2. Most of the respondents complained about the snail – pace process of the banks while treating their application for loans.
3. Most entrepreneurs complained over some government policies that are inimical to the development of entrepreneurship.
4. It was also discovered that most entrepreneurs do not have the required skill.
5. Most respondents complained of government instability
6. It also revealed that prospective entrepreneurs in Enugu metropolis lack a good business site.
Based on the findings, we recommend that
1. Government should provide more financial institutions to serve entrepreneurs.
2. There should be improvement of credit worthiness
3. Government provide a frame work of stability and progress which will encourage a foresight private planning.
4. Government should promote and encourage the acquisition of skills and knowledge.
5. There should be a change of attitude towards made in Nigeria goods.’
6. There should be establishment of large market.
The conclusion of the study is that entrepreneurship development in Enugu metropolis is bent on many problems but if the recommendations will considered and improved, the hidden large potential for the development of entrepreneurship in Nigeria and Enugu state in particular will be achieved.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 FORMS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP
2.2 THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ECONOMY
2.3 PROBLEMS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT
2.4 FACTORS ENCOURAGING ENTREPRENEURSHIP
3.0 PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
3.1 SUMMARY OF FINDS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The rate of economic growth is dependent upon the growth in the factors of production and the rate of technical change. Recently, some economist have shifted the emphasis away from the increase of physical capital to the expansion of high level manpower such as entrepreneurship development.
They maintain that the major obstacle to the economic development of developing countries is not so much a shortage of capital as a lack of absorptive capacity in part from shortage of skills and knowledge needed to mobilize, organize and co-ordinate capital and other resources of production.
In view of the above role of entrepreneurship in economic development of any country cannot be over-emphasized. It is in recognition of these roles that here in Nigeria recent pronouncements by governments, both the privates and banking sectors seem to indicate sudden and increasing realization of the virtues of promoting the growth of business enterprises and indeed the encouragement of potential entrepreneurs. Efforts are now being made to stimulate the people in to appreciating the impact development of entrepreneurship can have on the national economy.
To start or establish one’s own industry is besieged with many problems. Many people are seriously contemplating on starting one business or another, many have already done so, some are with the idea and the initial problem while many more have not depressing ends to their initial high hopes.
Investment, without doubt plays a crucial role in economic growth and development. However, the level of investment in an economy is dependent on four factors, namely:-
(a) The extent to which current consumption be reduced to realize resources for investment, otherwise known as saving capacity.
(b) The availability of investment goods required to enable investment take place (the investment capacity)
(c) The availability of projects, managerial and administrative capacity, skills and infrastructure required for execution of the projects and willingness to harvest.
It is in realization of this obvious fact and its importance to our national economic development that this research stands to attend to. A thorough study will be carried out to unveil the peculiar factors hindering the development of entrepreneurship.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
This research study is intended to look into the problems of the development of entrepreneurship. The problem facing entrepreneurship is as follows:
(i) The inability to identify viable and executable projects
(ii) Capital shortage
(iii) High decrees of business uncertainty
(iv) Indifference of financial house and financial risk
(v) Problem of land acquisition
(vi) What other factors are identified as a hindrance
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
Realizing the role entrepreneurs in our national economic development, it is the view of this study to find out the factors inhibiting the development of entrepreneurship. The study will therefore do the following
(i) Identify the variable that influence entrepreneurial development in a society.
(ii) Examine the Nigeria society and show to what extent environment and policy discourages the emergence of a vibrant indigenous entrepreneurship.
(iii) And offer suggestions aimed at creating an enabling environment for the development of entrepreneurship.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
This study will provide an opportunity for any person who may need it to appreciate what entrepreneurship means. There is no gain saying that it will prefer an immense assistance to potential entrepreneurs through an in-depth analysis of the expected problems that may seem a hindrance. And to those already managing one enterprise or another, offer possible solutions to their problems.
The study, therefore, provides a useful guide to future researcher who may want to embark on a study like this.
1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Entrepreneurship – This can be described as a creative and innovative response to the environment. Such responses can take place in any field of social endeavour, for instance in business, industry, agriculture, education, social works and the like.
Entrepreneurship – This can be seen as an individual who has the ability to see and evaluate business opportunities, gather the necessary resources to take advantage of them, and initiate appropriate action to ensure success by Schumpter (1961).
Business – This can be defined as all profit directed economic and commercial activities that provides goods and services necessary to the nation standards of living Menedith et al (199).
Industry – This can be defined as a group of firms involved in one line of production of Louise and Bonne et al (1978).
Economy – This can be defined as the control and management of the money, goods and other resources of a country.
Economic growth – This can be defined as a quantitative increase in the output of commodities per head produced over a given country.
Economic development – This can be seen as a process whereby the real per capital income of a given economy increases over a period of time.
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