(Business Administration and Management)

The purpose of this study is to the effect of uncontrollable importation of indigenous industries with particular reference to Nigeria Breweries Enugu.
Due to the unprecedented growth in manufacturing and  Merchandising industries over the fears, inventory has been accorded the save cost of those industries.  It therefore follows that in trying to hold the industries in those manufacturing organization, the level of these should be adequately and properly controlled with the view to minimizing costs.
Hence, in conducting research, the researcher made use of oral interview and questionnaire she also reviewed other  related literatures necessary to provide the required date for study. The data collected for the study were analysed in tables using chi-squares.
            The findings were that through the management lives as much as the can, there are lapses in inventory control system also on the valuation of stock, the researcher found out that the company uses the first-in-first-out (FIFO)method of stock valuation in valuing her stock.
This is because of inherent benefits in its and commanded by the SAS, /AS and SSAP.
Based on findings, we have recommended among other things that the local source of raw materials should be made to suppl7y the firm when required.
1.1              General background to the subject matter
1.2              Problems associated with the subject matter
1.3              Problems that the study will be concerned
1.4              Importance of studying the area
1.5              Definition of important terms
1.6              References
2.1              The origin of subject are
2.2              School of thoughts within the subject area
2.3              The school of relevant to the problem of study
2.4              Different methods of studying the problem
2.5              Summary
2.6              References
3.1       Data presentation
3.2              Data analysis
3.3              Recommendation
3.4              Reference
The president of manufacturing association of Nigeria, Rufus Giwa (200.p16) define industry thus:
“Industry, particularly, manufacturization is  the motive force for development. Infact, industrialization is more than engine of growth. It is also the catalyst for technological, financial and socio-economical advancement.
Trade, and more specifically foreign trade have astronomically been instrumental in man’s bids towards betterment of his lifer on earth.
Today, we can enjoy and make use of automobile made in far away Japan as if they  grow in air gradens. Other articles which we can’t dream of producing even in the next millennium liters our markets as if they were going out of fashion.  All these are courtesy of foreign trade and broadly on one  of its two-pronged  division. “Importation”. A very important concept is but like a two-edge sword, it can destroy if not carefully handled.
A study on how foreign products crowd our market, and how our local industries are nose-division into oblivion show that we are  already receiving a fair does of rough handing under the sharp claws of this excessive importation.
“The Nigeria trade Journal” of March/April 1980, analyzing our  trade statistics put the total of Beer and stout importation at N7,562,135. people shouted and rose dust over it that it is excessive, but what have we to say today that people 200m off from the country Just to import tooth picks and toilet tissues?
The millions of graduates that our academic institutions turn out annually have their fate hanging over the balance. With hands supporting their checks , and all hope on divine intervention they helplessly watch as our few industries fold up in their hundreds.
Retrenchment and counter retrenchment of workers have become so common as the few cresting ones battle to   break even and remain in contention. Consequently, unemployment and poor standard of living can’t be more adventurous.
An it idle man they said is the devils tool coupling with the fact that both ends must meet, arm-robbery, fraud, bribery, corruption and other social vices exert domination. Hence our country can’t help wining the inglorious “most corrupt country” award in the year 2000.
Our surving industries virtually are at the end of their letter judging from the lamentable figures they post in their annual report as profit after exuberant tax from a government that don’t spare their selves a through about their welfare instead of re-investment or expansion, the  little token that will succeed  in dropping into their counter went into unreasonable advisement which they see as their last resort to remain in contention in the ever growing competitive market.
These and many more have been the plight of our indigenous  industries consequently upon excessive importation. This work try to look into the effect of this practice and how to curtail its excessive. It will make a steep further to put forward, measures towards remaining the vandalized state of our indigenous industry.
The subject matter is that which have a hamper of problems under it care: below  are some of the them.
i.          DPERSSION AND DUMPING:     With more and more goods from        broad finding their ways undisturbed and unrestrained into the country,          compiling with the locally made ones, a situation where supply  will      exceed demand  will emerge. And not only will our wobbled economy       and ingenious industries suffer a great depression, but also the nation   will be turned into in dumping ground.
ii.         EXCESSIVE COMPETITION:     Our weak industries became so much of        the market share from day to day fell to these foreign goods. and to fight          back in their own effeminate way in order to still remain in contention, our indigenous industries resort to aggressive promotion which drain           their meager income and adversely effect their level of operation.
 iii.        UNEMPLOYMENT:           With a generous portion of the market under             the control of these foreign goods, and depression the lot of our indigenous industries, mass retrenchment of workers becomes inevitable.        Our graduates will then, day in an day out continue parading the streets     with their files in search of work that never exist.
iv.        FOLDING UP/EXTINCTION:      The heart breaking stage of it all is that          after so many years of struggling with their Herculean foreign opponent,     majority of these indigenous industries inevitably and up kissing the       dust of bankruptcy and liquidation.
v.         BLEAK FUTURES FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION:       The subject      matter even posed a sinister  signal to our country’s dream towards           industrialization to economy. Judging this, who will wish to invest in the       industrial sector while the government will just told their hands and            watch as weaver bird in and out of the country’s boundary? How will the       dream be realized while the meager number of industry already in             existence keep on dwindling geometrically? With such a situation, the        dream of the nation toward this end will end up as a more mirage, and           our country will perpetually remain a dependent and parasitic country             where foreigners will for eternity rely on as a fertile ground for        marketing their war.
i.          The study will occupy itself with how to systematically x-ray the rate of     harms that will be the lot of out country and their industries with he   continuous imperialism of this study practice under these marquees.
ii.         To identify the magnitude of damage which our indigenous industries        have bee subjected to, due to excessive importation  
iii.        To inculcate in the mind of our country men the need for them to have       faith in our local products and pipe-low at the rate by which they     scramble over foreign goods.
iv.        To ensure that the excessive importation of goods are controlled.
i.          The inspiration and zeal of writing this project work was drawn from the    alarming rate of importation, and our country’s obsession for imported             goods which our local industries are at the receiving end of.
ii.         This study will facilitate in no small measure the drastic reduction of not    completely, the fearful rate of importation in the country and the much        inclination of the people of our dear country to foreign goods.
iii.        The problem of unemployment , with the increment in the operational         level of our industries will be curbed.  Retrenchment workers will have      smiles and our graduates will have their ambition of contributing their             quota towards the development of our country fulfilled.  With such a         development more industries will be established people will have more places to invest, standard of living will be enhanced, and our poor   economy will be rejuvenated.
Before we delve deeper into this study, let us try to illuminate some terms and words that will keep on occurring in the course of this study.
IMPORTATION:     Is the act of brining or causing any goods to be brought into a country’s territory. It can also be seen as a branch of foreign trade which deals on procurement of goods into a country. This goods is question under normal circumstance suppose  to be under the import quota’s stipulation and actual requirement of the country.
EXCESSIVE OR UNCONTROLABLE IMPORTATION:       Importation can be said to be uncontrollable or excessive when the import quota as stipulated by the government are being violated or not adhered to .it can also mean when emphasis on importation is not strongly laid on what a country actually can’t produce or their basic necessities.
IMPORT QUOTAS:            This is quantitative for a specific produce during a given period.
INDUSTRY: This refer to the coming together of firms producing similar goods or are engaged in the same line of operation.
It can be said to involved the transformation of materials from original states to new forms.
Also it may refer to a group of firms producing different of a product.
FIRM:            This is an economic mind of an organization involved in definite production process.
INDUSTRIALIZATION:    This can be said to be synonymous with technology. And technology refer to those tool and machine use in the production of both capital and consumer goods.


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