THE NATURE, CONCEPT AND SCOPE OF MANAGEMENT IN AN ORGANISATION
(A CASE STUDY OF NEPA)
This research project examined the structure of the nature, concept and scope of management existing in NEPA as well as the extent to which this management policy satisfies the employees of the organization towards greater productivity.
The research observed that despite the huge amount of money spent by management of NEPA on workers welfare, these workers still feel dissatisfied with management policy for than specifically, the workers amongst others would proffer most of their management policy to be in case rather than in kind. They also wanted the management to include pension scheme in the management policy. Absence of these and many others have led to various forms of indiscipline and non-commitment and fraud among NEPA workers. These militate against the efficiency of NEPA as an organization. The researcher therefore recommend amongst others that pension scheme should be included in NEPA management policy should be in cash and less in kind. She also suggested some other ways NEPA can raise more fund to support her management policy for workers and how these management policy can effectively implemented without their abuse.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 General Background to the Subject Matter
1.2 Problems Associated with the Subject Matter
1.3 Problems that the Study ill be Concerned with
1.4 The Importance of Studying the Area.
1.5 Definition of Important Term.
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 The Origin of the Subject Area
2.2 Schools of Though Within the Subject Area.
2.3 Schools of Though Relevant of the Problem of Studying
3.1 Data presentation and Analysis of the Data
The management policy has become pervasive as an integral part of an employee in most federal parastatals. The effect of the current economic recession on the nation have become so tense that the salary earned by employees can no longer accommodate the numerous needs. Thus, the important role these management policy in business organization today can never be emphasized.
NEPA is one of the numerous federal parastatals which have continue to offer some package for its employees over the years. The ultimate aim has been to increase the quality and volume of service offered by NEPA to its billions of customers nationwide, upon all this packages being offered to NEPA workers. Their various customers seem generally to be dissatisfied with the quality of services. It is against this background that the researcher intends to find out whether such a management policy is a enough criteria that should motivate the worker for increase productivity.
1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND TO THE SUBJECT MATTER.
NEPA is one of the numerous public enterprises established by the federal government with the primary aim of providing Electrical services to Nigerians and other people living within the country. This enterprise is also designed to generate fund and make profits from its operations and render accounts to federal government.
However, at present, the quality of services offered by NEPA is noting to write home about. Private individuals and organizations in the country had always had one complaints or the other with regards to the quality of services they received from NEPA.
Most places in the country hardly have assessed to electricity and those that have assessed do not enjoy it due to its unsteady nature. Despite all these some have continued to receive electricity bills even when it is not steady or functioning for a long period of time. There are usually series of interference mostly in business centers. Company or organizations while running their business activities.
In the final analysis, the worker blames their inefficiency on their poor conditions of services. Some of them claim that they have no incentives at all that would make them happy. Yet, to most Nigerians NEPA is a gold mine for old any young one that grows economically in the public sector.
NEPA had always undertaken among other things a review of salary structure and management policy. This management policy thus becomes a corporate strategy which amounts to costs. The fear there is that if these beautiful management policy are actually implemented with a reciprocal increase in productivity on the part of the employees, the aim of these management policy would be defeated, and the organization may begin to loose its customers if proper management is not given to such organization and may soon collapse like its counter-parts, such as the Nigeria Railway Corporation, the Nigeria Cola Corporation and others.
1.2 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER
NEPA as one of the public enterprises established by the federal government with the major aim of supplying electricity to Nigerians and other people living within the country. This enterprise is also designed to generate fund and make profits from its operations and renders accounts to federal government.
Presently, NEPA is associated with series of problems. That is the quality of service offered by NEPA is noting to write home about. Private individuals and organizations in the country had always had one complaints or the other with regards to the quality of services they received from NEPA.
For instance, some places in the country hardly have asses to electricity and those that have assess to it do not enjoy it due its unsteady nature. Despites all these some have continued to receive electricity bill even when it is not steady or functioning for a long period of time.
There are usually series of interference mostly in business centers, industries or organization, why running their business activities. Even interference also occurs in our various homes while watch or listening to new and so on.
Finally the workers blame their inefficiency on their poor conditions of services. Some of them clams that they have no incentive at all that would make employee happy in NEPA.
1.3 PROBLEM(S) THAT THE STUDY WILL BE CONCERNED WITH.
This research work is to be accepted with some reservations considering the constraints which characterized the research procedure. One of such constraints is the time use for the study. The researcher has less than twelve (12) calendar months for this research work. Thus, most of the works are designed to be carried out considering this time factor.
Secondly, financial constraints could not allow the researcher to carryout the research on all the staff of NEPA in the area being covered.
1.4 THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING THE AREA
The importance of this study is that it would enable the researcher to discover the nature, concept and scope of management existing in an organization such as NEPA and also to determine whether or not such nature, concept and scope of management will improve the management of NEPA.
Its importance also enables the researcher to determine the span of control of each department manager and the determination of the cost of new management technique.
Consequently, the researcher intends to find out the best options for NEPA as far as the management policy in the organization is concerned. Also to find out the effect of the economic recession on management. As the researcher intend to peep into other factors that can improve the productivity of NEPA management, the researcher intend to bring these in as a part of her recommendation in this research work/report.
The ultimate aim is to increase all efficiency of each departmental manager in NEPA and also determine the best management concept for NEPA department manager.
1.5 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
NATURE OF MANAGEMENT: This is talking about how efficient management uses its various policies to achieve sets goal and their objective.
CONCEPT: This is a commonly agreed upon definition of an object event or process, it is also the cornerstone for the development of theory and principles.
SCOPE: It has to do with areas which management covers.
BESEARCH: It is a systematic and scientific method of finding solution to problem.
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